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《塞纳河畔的一把椅子》:法兰西学院的“流水席”

阅读:496 次 作者:俞耕耘 来源:北京日报 发布日期:2019-10-22 08:27:00
基本介绍:一起问道文艺网分享的书评。

《塞纳河畔的一把椅子》 阿明·马洛夫 著 文汇出版社

真人平台排名  SAINAHEPANDEFALANXIXUEYUAN,ZHANGJIUYILAIYUFAGUOZHISHIWENHUAJIETIEHEJINMI,KEWEIFAGUOZHISHIFENZIDESHENGDIAN。XUEYUANLI40WEIYUANSHIYIJINGRUXUAN,JUNWEIZHONGSHENZHI,GEYOUZIJIDEXIWEI。ZHIYOUZAIMOUWEIYUANSHIQUSHIHOU,XIWEICAIHUIBEIJIRENZHETIANBU。ZHEIGEHOUBUDELIUCHENGJIUXIANGTIEDADEJIAOYI,LIUSHUIDEYUANSHI。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,MEIBAYIZIDOUNENGXIANGLISHIHEWEILAIYANSHEN,YINMIYANZHANCHUYITIAOGUANYUCHUANTONG、PUXIHEYINGXIANGDE“HEWANG”。ZAIYIZISHANG,MEIWEIJIRENZHE,DOUNENGGANDAOXIANXIANDEYUWEN,QIANBEISIXIANGDEYIYUN,HUOXUSHIZHONGLISHIWEIJIE。

真人平台排名  AMING·MALUOFUDE《SAINAHEPANDEYIBAYIZI》,RANGWOXIANGQIHAIMINGWEIDEFEIXUGOUJIEZUO《LIUDONGDESHENGYAN》。BUTONGDESHI,HAIMINGWEISHIHUIYIBALIGUOWANG,NEISHIQINLIZHEZAIFANJIYILIDELAOZHAOPIAN。MALUOFUSHIZAILISHIDEHETANSHANG,JIANSHIWENXIANLIDEYIZHU——NEIXIERENWUHESHIJIDADUOXIANWEIRENZHI,DANTAMENDEYINGXIANGBINGFEIWUZUQINGZHONG。ZUOZHEJIBENSHUDEFUBIAOTIYOUWEIHONGDA——“FALANXISIBAINIAN”。KEJIAN,TASHITUCONGFALANXIXUEYUANLIRENSHIDEXIAOQIEKOU,LAITANXUNFAGUOSHEHUISHENGHUOSHIDEDAGEJU。

  ZHEIBENSHUDEYUANQIYOUHENDADEOURAN:2011NIANZUOZHEDANGXUANFALANXIXUEYUANYUANSHI,ZUOSHANGLE29HAOZUOYI。TADEQIANRENJIUSHIDAMINGDINGDINGDERENLEIXUEJIALIEWEI-SITELAOSI。

  GENJUXUEYUANLIYI“TAOLU”,MALUOFUYAODUIQIANRENZUOXIEZONGJIESHISONGCI。TAJIUSHIZAIHUIGUYUEDUSITELAOSIXUESHUCHENGJIUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BUDUANHUIWANGLISHI,“RANHOU,YOUCIJIBI,DUIYUZAITAZHIQIANYUZAITAZHIHOU、ZUIJINSIBAINIANJIANSUOYOUZUOGUOTONGYIBAYIZIDERENDOUFASHENGLEXINGQU。”TAKEWANGCHUAIMOJINGSHENSHANGDECHUANCHENGGUANXI,ZHIYOUGENGHAOLEJIEZHEIBAYIZISHANGZUOGUODESUOYOUREN。ZHEIJUEDINGLECISHUDE“LIECHUANTI”XIEFA,MEIYIRENDESHENGPINGGONGJIHEYIWENQUSHI,DOUYONGPINGCHUANDECHULIFA。ZHEIGEJINGTONGDUOGUOYUYANDEDAZUOJIA、GONGGUERWENXUEJIANGHUODEZHE,MAOZHEXIECHENG“LIUSHUIZHANG”DEFENGXIAN,YINGBA18GEQIANRENYUANSHIXIEDEHUOSESHENGXIANG。

  FALANXIXUEYUANDEDANSHENGBENJIUSHIYIGEYIWAISHIJIAN。RUJIN,HENSHAOYOURENHUIZAIYIXUEYUANDEDIANJIZHEQISHISHIYIQUNWENYIQINGNIANZAIBALIGAODEWENXUEJUHUI。TAMENDE“CHUXIN”SHI“JIAOWANGBUSHENGBUXIANG,BUXUZHANGSHENGSHI,CHUYOUYIZHIWAIMEIYOUQITAFAZEYUESHU,TAMENGONGTONGXIANGSHOUJINGSHENSHEHUIHELIZHISHENGHUOZHONGZUIWENXINYUZUILINGRENTAOZUIDEBUFEN。”TAMENXIANGHUYUEDING,DUIWAISHEIDOUBUTIQIZHEIGEXIAOQUANZI,BAOCHILESANSINIAN,ZUIHOUHAISHIBEIHAOSHIZHEFALEIWUYITINGDAO。TASHIJIAOJIJIEDEHONGREN,YUSHIXIAOXIJIUXIANGRECHUANDIYIYANG,ZUIZHONGCHUANDAOHONGYIZHUJIAOERDUOLI。QIAQIAOZHUJIAOLISAILIUSHIGEXIHUANWENYIDEJIAOSE,TAYONGQIANZAIDEWEIYANSHIYIRANGZHEIGETUANTIZAIGUANFANGMINGYIXIAJUHUI。ZHEIYANGYILAI,YIGEMINJIANSONGSANSHALONGJIUBEISHOUBIANLE。

  FUERTAIHOULAIZAICHENGWEIYUANSHIDEJIANGHUAZHONGSHUO,ZHEIXIEXUEYUANDIANJIZHEKAOYOUYI、ZHITONGDAOHE、REAIYISHULIANXIZAIYIQI,BUGUMINGDIAOYU,SUIRANTAMENMEIYOUHOULAIJICHENGZHEDECAIHUA。SHISHISHUOMING,FALANXIXUEYUANZAIHENZHANGSHIJIANNEI,BINGMEIYOUSHOUNAZUIJIECHUDEWENHUAJIEMINGLIU。DADUORUXUANRENSHICHENGJIUPINGPING:BAERDANLIUXIADEZUOPINDADUOSHIJIANGLUNLIJIAZHIDEDAODE“LIZHISHU”;BOPANGZHISHIYONGLADINGYUXIESHIHAIBUCUODESHENZHIRENYUAN,YONGFAYUXIEZUOZHUOJINJIANZHOU,TADUIXUESHENGPINGJIABIAOLIBUYI,DUIHONGYIZHUJIAOZUOPINDEGENGZHIPIPING,CHENGLEFANFENGDEMAODUN。GENGYOUPINGYONGZHIBEI,KAOBAOHURENSHANGWEIRUXUAN,YERANGXUEYUANMENGCHENAOHUI。LVSHIWEILELADEJIDIAOLEDAZUOJIAGAONAIYIDEXIWEI,YUANYINSHITAKOURUOXUANHE,HUITAOSAIJIYEDEHUANXINCHONGXING。CAIGAORENYUDU,ZAIDANGSHIDEWENHUASHENGTAILIYIFEIXIANJIAN。

真人平台排名  YOUYISIDESHI,RUXUANYUANSHILIHAIYOUYIXIEQUANCHENZHONGCHEN,TAMENSHIXUEYUANWEILEPINGHENGSHILISUOZUOCHUDETUOXIE。KALIAIDUIZHUZILUYISHISISHENGQIANHAOZHAN,YAYILEWEICI,ZAIQISIHOUCAICHUBANLE《YUJUNWANGTANPANSHU》,CHANSHUWAIJIAOYUFANZHANDEGUANLIAN,BULIAOCHENGLE20SHIJIFANSISHIJIEDAZHANDEYOULIZHUJIAO。SHENQUANHEWANGQUAN,ZAIXUEYUANLILUNLIUCHUXIANLEDAILIREN。DAGEMINGDEXUEYUXINGFENGSHENZHIYAOLIANGUODUANDIAOXUEYUAN,JISHIZHEIGEJIUSHIDAIXIADECHANWUYUNNIANGGUOQIMENGDESIXIANG。

  作者对材料的处理凸显命运转折、时代兴衰,在我看来,本书称得上杰出的叙事散文,毫不输于小说的精彩。这源于作者总能挖掘平淡中的偶然性和微妙的戏剧感。院士们入选有各种各样的稀奇古怪的缘由,这里有真才实学者,也有平庸之辈;有出于面子的“照顾”,沾亲带故的推荐,也有出于王权和神权的妥协博弈,挤掉了像高乃依、莫里哀、雨果这样的一线大师。可以说,在这四百年里,学术和文化绝非置于纯真象牙塔。这些院士们在利益、门派、权力里浮浮沉沉,呈现出整个社会生活史的现实感。

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